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Welcome & Instructions
About the Tutorial for the TCPS
Introducing the TCPS
Section 1: Ethics Review
Section 2: Free and Informed Consent
Section Overview
Ethics Context
Requirement for Free and Informed Consent
Competence
Free and Informed Consent and the Law
Case Studies
Progress Check
Section 3: Privacy and Confidentiality
Section 4: Conflict of Interest
Section 5: Inclusion in Research
Conclusion
Glossary
Acknowledgements
Finish
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Tutorial: Ethical Conduct of Research involving Humans: Section 2: Free and Informed Consent

Progress Check

1. The TCPS defines free and informed consent as:

The process by which individuals provide written agreement to participate in research.

The provision of information about actual, potential and perceived conflicts of interest.

The dialogue, information sharing and general process through which prospective subjects choose to participate in research.

The process by which the subject consents to publication of the research results.


2. Which of the following are acceptable conditions for waiving the requirements for informed consent? (Select all that apply)

The research involves no more than minimal risk.

The waiver or alteration is unlikely to adversely affect the rights and welfare of the subject.

The research could not practicably be carried out without the waiver or alteration.

Whenever possible and appropriate, the subject will be provided with additional pertinent information after participation.

The waiver or altered consent may involve a therapeutic intervention.


3. Which of the following are always required in the informed consent process? (Select all that apply)

Participation must be voluntary and free from coercion.

Provision of adequate information about the nature and goals of the study.

A comprehensive description of reasonable foreseeable risks and benefits from research participation.

Use of a consent form that requests written consent from each participant.


4. The voluntary nature of participation in research is ensured by researchers, by:

Never offering research subjects any financial remuneration.

Advising research subjects that they may withdraw from a study at any time.

Ensuring persons close to the subject are involved in recruitment so that subjects will feel comfortable asking questions.

Having persons in authority do recruitment so that the subjects know their superiors support the study.


5. Which of the following is a focus for Research Ethics Boards when reviewing research involving naturalistic observation? (Select all that apply)

The nature of the activities to be observed.

The environment in which the activities are to be observed.

The means by which written consent will be obtained from subjects.

The means of recording the observations and whether individuals may be identified.


6. Which of the following abilities are considerations in an individual's competence to participate in research? (Select all that apply)

Understanding the information presented.

Appreciating the potential consequences of the decision.

Providing one's own free and informed consent.

Managing one's own assets.

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Last Modified: 2009-09-02 Top of Page Important Notices