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1. The TCPS defines free and informed consent
The process by which individuals provide written agreement to
participate in research.
The provision of information about actual, potential and perceived
conflicts of interest.
The dialogue, information sharing and general process through
which prospective subjects choose to participate in research.
The process by which the subject consents to publication of
the research results.
2. Which of the following are acceptable
conditions for waiving the requirements for informed consent?
(Select all that apply)
The research involves no more than minimal risk.
The waiver or alteration is unlikely to adversely affect the
rights and welfare of the subject.
The research could not practicably be carried out without the
waiver or alteration.
Whenever possible and appropriate, the subject will be provided
with additional pertinent information after participation.
The waiver or altered consent may involve a therapeutic intervention.
3. Which of the following are always required
in the informed consent process? (Select all that apply)
Participation must be voluntary and free from coercion.
Provision of adequate information about the nature and goals
of the study.
A comprehensive description of reasonable foreseeable risks
and benefits from research participation.
Use of a consent form that requests written consent from each
4. The voluntary nature of participation
in research is ensured by researchers, by:
Never offering research subjects any financial remuneration.
Advising research subjects that they may withdraw from a study
at any time.
Ensuring persons close to the subject are involved in recruitment
so that subjects will feel comfortable asking questions.
Having persons in authority do recruitment so that the subjects
know their superiors support the study.
5. Which of the following is a focus for
Research Ethics Boards when reviewing research involving naturalistic
observation? (Select all that apply)
The nature of the activities to be observed.
The environment in which the activities are to be observed.
The means by which written consent will be obtained from subjects.
The means of recording the observations and whether individuals
may be identified.
6. Which of the following abilities are
considerations in an individual's competence to participate in
research? (Select all that apply)
Understanding the information presented.
Appreciating the potential consequences of the decision.
Providing one's own free and informed consent.
Managing one's own assets.