Skip All MenusSkip First Menu
Spacer Image Spacer Image

You are not logged-in. Log-in here

Spacer Spacer Image
Start
Welcome & Instructions
About the Tutorial for the TCPS
Introducing the TCPS
Section 1: Ethics Review
Section 2: Free and Informed Consent
Section 3: Privacy and Confidentiality
Section 4: Conflict of Interest
Section 5: Inclusion in Research
Section Overview
Ethics Context
Distribution of Benefits
Research Involving Women
Research Involving Those Who Are Incompetent to Consent for Themselves
Case Studies
Progress Check
Conclusion
Glossary
Acknowledgements
Finish
PRE Web Site
,
Spacer Image
Back Forward Tutorial Help Save Location

Tutorial: Ethical Conduct of Research involving Humans: Section 5: Inclusion in Research

Case Study 2
Language Choice of Chinese/English Speakers

In the last two decades, slightly over one million ethnic Chinese have settled in Canada. Most immigrants learn English and/or French in order to help them integrate into Canadian society. Even though there is a desire to integrate, the Chinese-Canadian community also wants to retain its culture and language.

Researchers examined the language choice and language switching patterns of a subgroup of the Chinese-Canadian community: Cantonese-speaking Chinese who arrived from Hong Kong in the 1980s. This research increases society's understanding of the relationship between language choice and language switching patterns as well as the wider social norms of the community to which the speakers belong.

Data were collected using participant observation of 60 speakers from 11 families. An audiotape was used to record 25 hours of spontaneous conversation in the families' homes. Data were analyzed in terms of the language choice patterns at the generational level, and language switching at the intergenerational level.

Families were recruited through the local Chinese community association. The study's principal investigator was an active member of a Chinese community association for a number of years prior to the commencement of the study. During this time, she developed extensive contacts within the local Chinese community. Such involvement within the community made the researcher acceptable as an observer of family communication and less likely to affect the data collected.


top


Questions

  1. How might concern for the fair distribution of potential benefits and risks of harm influence the design and conduct of this study?

  2. Might women be excluded from this research, either directly or indirectly?

  3. Might those who are incompetent to consent for themselves be excluded from this research, either directly or indirectly?


 

resources...

: : Distribution of Benefits
: : Research Involving Women
: : Research Involving Those Who Are Incompetent to Consent for Themselves


Back Forward Mark as Completed Tutorial Help Save Location

Spacer Image

 

Spacer Image
Last Modified: 2009-10-08 Top of Page Important Notices